All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into,
before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as
valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States
which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all
Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme
Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution
Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned,
and the Members of the several State
Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several
shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever
required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.